Variantology 1. On Deep Time Relations of Arts, Sciences and Technologies
Edited by Siegfried Zielinski and Silvia M. Wagnermaier
Text editor: Gloria Custance
Published by: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Cologne, ISBN 3-88375-914-7
Authors and Editors
Velimir Abramovic, Belgrade/Serbia, since 1988 has been affiliated as professor with the Faculty of Dramatic Arts (University of Belgrade), where he taught philosophy of art, aesthetics and film theory, and with The Center for Multidisciplinary Studies, where he taught the post graduate course "Space and Time in Philosophy and Natural Sciences". He is founder of the Tesliana Society (1992) and editor in chief of the Tesliana Scientific Journal (1993). His main interests are on the ontology of time, the nature of creative processes and system analysis. He is member of the "American Philosophical Association", founder and director of CAT (NGO for research in Time and Consciousness). His most recent book is The Problem of Continuity in the Natural Philosophy of Leibniz and Boscovich, published by MST Gajic, Belgrade, 2004. At present he is working on an extensive study on "The Science of Time".
Paola Bertucci is Research Fellow at the International Centre for the History of Science and Universities (, University of Bologna. She is the author of several articles on the history of eighteenth-century electricity and is co-editor (with Giuliano Pancaldi) of Electric Bodies. Episodes in the History of Medical Electricity (Bologna, 2001). Her current research focusses on the public culture of science in eighteenth-century Italy and on Nollet's journey south of the Alps (1749). She also collaborates with the Institute and Museum of the History of Science in Florence, where she organized the exhibition "Cycling Through Time" (
Arianna Borrelli was born in 1964 in Rome, Italy, and graduated in Physics at Rome University "La Sapienza" in 1988. For several years she worked as a research scientist in the field of Theoretical High Energy Physics in Italy, England, and Switzerland. Her research in High Energy Physics resulted in various publications in specialist journals. She subsequently devoted herself to the humanities and, in 2002, took a degree in Philosophy at the Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany, with a thesis on the concept of force "from Newton to Hegel", i.e., in eighteenth and early nineteenth-century Europe. She is currently working on a Ph.D. thesis in the field of the history of science and technology at Braunschweig University, investigating the meanings of the astrolabe in High Medieval Latin Europe.
Jochen Büchel, born in Bonn, Germany in 1966, graduate chemist, Ph.D. in the history of chemistry and medicine (supervisor Olaf Breidbach). Teaching courses: "Image, Body, Medium - An Anthropological Perspective", at the State Academy of Design in Karlsruhe; 28th Wolfenbüttel summer course, "Elucidation and Cabala", Herzog August Bibliothek; project coordinator for Braungart Consulting/EPEA/MBDC, free-lance collaborator of the Carl von Linde Academy. Publications: Die Bedeutung der figura p zur Demonstration paracelsistischer Organismusvorstellungen, in: Nicolaus Cusanus. Perspektiven seiner Geistphilosophie, ed. H. Schwaetzer and K. Reinhardt. Philosophie interdisziplinär, vol. 6. Regensburg: Roderer, 2003; Ph.D. thesis, Die Psychologie der Materie, Königshausen & Neumann, December 2004.
Timothy Druckrey is a writer, curator, and editor living in New York City. He lectures internationally about the social impact of electronic media, the transformation of representation, and communication in interactive and networked environments. He co-organized the international symposium "Ideologies of Technology" at the Dia Center of the Arts and co-edited the book Culture on the Brink: Ideologies of Technology (Bay Press). He also co-curated the exhibition Iterations: The New Image at the International Center of Photography and edited the book by the same name published by MIT Press. He edited Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation and is Series Editor for Electronic Culture: History, Theory, Practice published by MIT Press. Recent exhibitions he has curated include "Bits and Pieces" and "Critical Conditions" and "Jim Campbell: Recent Works". He currently teaches as Critic in Residence at MICA and was Guest Professor at the University of Applied Art, Vienna (2004) and Richard Koopman Distinguished Chair for the Visual Arts at the University of Hartford (2005).
Yasmin Haskell is Cassamarca Associate Professor in Latin Humanism at the University of Western Australia, Perth (since 2003). From 1995-2000 she was research fellow in Classics, then bye-fellow, at Newnham College, Cambridge; from 1999-2002 she held a British Academy postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Italian, University of Cambridge. Her research to date has focussed on the interface between science, religion, and poetry. One of her latest books is Loyola's Bees. Ideology and Industry in Jesuit Latin Didactic Poetry. Oxford University Press (The British Academy Series), 2003. Her current project is "Communicating Mental Illness: Media and Medicine in Early Modern Italy".
David Link, philosopher, artist and programmer; in 2004, Ph.D. in philosophy (with Siegfried Zielinski and Friedrich Kittler) entitled "Poetry Machines / Machine Poetry", on early attempts to generate texts with computers. Since 1997, his media art installations ("Memory", "Sphere") have been exhibited at numerous international festivals. His work "Poetry Machine" (2001), an interactive text generator based on semantic networks, is part of the permanent collection at the Center for Art and Media Technology ZKM, Karlsruhe. Latest project is "ECHOHCE" (together with F.M. Einheit and Jamie Lidell). For further information see his website,
Mara Mills, teaches in the department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology & Biochemistry at Brown University. She is finishing her Ph.D. in the History of Science at Harvard, with a dissertation on deafness and communications technologies. She has previous degrees in Literature, Biology, and Education. Her most recent publications can be found in New Formations, The Women's Review of Books, and Making Things Public: Atmospheres of Democracy (ed. Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel).
Anthony Moore is composer and Professor at the Academy of Arts and the Media Cologne working on the theory and history of sound. Since 1969 he has composed a number of soundtracks for European experimental movies. In 1970 he moved to Hamburg where Polygram released several recordings of his work. In 1972 he formed the band Slapp Happy. From 1973 he worked in different European locations as a freelance composer, writing songs, film scores, and experimenting with sound. He has worked together with Pink Floyd and other musicians. From 2000 to 2004 he was elected Principal of the Academy in Cologne. Besides teaching, he continues making music and sonic installations. Recent Publications: Hommage to Pink Floyd, in: Zwischen Rauschen und Offenbarung, ed. F. Kittler, T. Macho, and S. Weigel (Berlin: Akademie, 2002). Electricity that shines into the light, in: FAKtisch. Festschrift für Friedrich Kittler, ed. P. Berz, A. Bitsch, and B. Siegert (Munich: Fink, 2003).
Werner Nekes lives in Mülheim/Ruhr and teaches free art at the Academy of Fine Arts in Hamburg. Since 1965 he has made around 100 films and held professorships of film and media art in Hamburg, Wuppertal, Bochum, Offenbach, and Cologne; there have been numerous retrospectives of his experimental and documentary body of work worldwide; he has received awards for his films put-putt, jüm-jüm, Abbandono, Hynningen, Geflecht, T-WO-MEN, Beuys, Uliisses, Johnny Flash, and Was geschah wirklich zwischen den Bildern. Since 1983 his private collection on the early history of the visual media has been exhibited all over the world, including Frankfurt, Tokyo, Budapest, Bremen, Los Angeles, Colgne, Graz, London, Salzburg, and Hamburg. The collection is documented in the the six-part film series Media Magica and elsewhere, including the catalogues Ich sehe was, was Du nicht siehst —; Bilderwelten und Sehmaschinen, Die Wunderkammer des Sehens, and Eyes, Lies and Illusions.
Nils Röller, media theorist, from 2003 lecturer on media and cultural theory, New Media section, University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HGK) Zürich; 1994-1999 assistant at the Academy of Media Arts Cologne, collaboration on conception and organisation of the Digitale media festival with S. Zielinski; 2000 Ph.D. dissertation on Hermann Weyl and Ernst Cassirer at the Bauhaus University, Weimar. Selected Publications: Migranten: Jabès, Nono, Cacciar (1995). Medientheorie im epistemischen Übergang: Hermann Weyls Philosophie der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft und Ernst Cassirers Philosophie der symbolischen Formen (2002), Absolute Flusser (co-author and -editor Silvia Wagnermaier, 2003), Ahabs Steuer: Navigationen zwischen Kunst und Naturwissenschaft (2005).
Elisabeth von Samsonow, professor of philosophical and historical anthropology of art at the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna; series editor (with Eric Alliez) of TRANSART (Vienna): Telenoia. Kritik der virtuellen Bilder (1999), Hyperplastik. Kunst und Konzepte der Wahrnehmung in Zeiten der mental imagery (2000), Chroma. Drama. Widerstand der Farbe (2001), Biografien des organlosen Körpers (2003), Fenster im Papier. Die Kollision der Architektur mit der Schrift oder die Gedächtnisrevolution der Renaissance (Munich 2002), Anti-Elektra. Neo-Totemismus und Schizogamie (in preparation, 2005).
Claudia Schink, M.A. in philosophy, master-exam in the free arts, post-graduate diploma of art and media in Cologne. Author and free-lance artist; since 1987 international exhibitions of work. Selected publications: Das Abendland (The Occident). The Legend. A literary project, Cologne 1995; Die Lehre der Architektur II(The Doctrine of Architecture II). Scripts 1990-1999, Cologne 2001; Das Christentum (Christianity). From the project 'Das Abendland' (catalogue), Cologne, 2002; De Possest. From the project 'Das Abendland' (catalogue), Cologne 2004. Gallery representative: Aurel Scheibler, Cologne (
Henning Schmidgen is research scholar at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin (Dept. III: Hans-Jörg Rheinberger). He has studied psychology, philosophy and linguistics in Berlin and Paris before turning to the history of science. His current fields of interest are the history of experimental life sciences, historical epistemology, and philosophy of technology. Schmidgen prepares a book-lentgh study on the history of experiments on short times in 19th-century physiology and psychology. Recent publications: Kultur im Experiment, Berlin: Kadmos, 2004 (ed. together with P. Geimer and S. Dierig), Lebendige Zeit: Wissenskulturen im Werden, Berlin: Kadmos, 1995 (ed.), Kritisches Wörterbuch: Beiträge von Georges Bataille, Carl Einstein etc., Berlin: Merve, 2005 (ed. and transl., together with R.M. Kiesow).
Amador Vega was born and lives in Barcelona; he studied philosophy, theology, and history of religion. He did his Ph.D. at the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany. He is professor for aesthetics at the University Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona). Main published books: Maestro Eckhart. El fruto de la nada, Madrid: Ediciones Siruela, 2003 (4th ed.); Zen, Mística y Abstracción, Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 2002; Ramon Llull and the Secret of Life, New York: Herder & Herder, 2002 (Madrid: Siruela, 2001); El bambú y el olivo, Barcelona: Herder, 2004; Arte y Santidad. Cuatro lecciones de Estética apofática, Pamplona: Cuadernos del Cátedra Jorge Oteiza, 2005.
Koen Vermeir, studied philosophy, theoretical physics and history of science at the Universities of Leuven (Belgium), Utrecht (the Netherlands) and Cambridge (UK). He recently finished his Ph.D., is a fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research-Flanders and is associated to the University of Leuven and the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science (Berlin). His work belongs to history and philosophy of science and technology, and he is currently working on issues of demarcation. He published several articles on the occult sciences, the powers of imagination and the connection between Athanasius Kircher's artefacts and metaphysics. He also has strong interests in aesthetics, art history and media theory and edited three books on related topics.
Silvia M. Wagnermaier, studied journalism and communication, English and American studies in Salzburg, and Film and Television Studies in Amsterdam. She has taught in Salzburg and Cologne; from 1999-2005 she was director of the _Vilém_Flusser_Archiv at the Academy of Media Arts Cologne and co-editor of the International Flusser Lectures (with S. Zielinski and others); co-editor (with Nils Röller) and author of Absolute Flusser, Freiburg 2003; together with S. Zielinski she developed the concept and realised the online edition of Flusser's Bochumer Vorlesungen, or, Cologne 2005. Her current fields of research are the history of and devices for time-travel prior to H.G. Wells' Time Machine and the art of making weather.
Siegfried Zielinski is Founding Rector of the Academy of Arts and the Media in Cologne (1994-2000) and holds its chair for media studies/archaeology/variantology of the media. He published numerous books and essays mainly with focus on the archaeology of the media. He lectured in more than twenty different countries all over the world and teaches reguarly in Cologne, Barcelona and Saas Fee. His most recent books in English are: Audiovisions - Cinema and Television as Entr'actes in History, Amsterdam University Press, 1999; Deep Time of the Media, MIT Press Cambridge, 2005, which will soon also be published in Chinese, Portugese and Spanish.